Applying Art Therapy to Increase Self-Compassion in Maladaptive Perfectionist University Students

Lim, Maria Theresia Astrid Felicia (2018) Applying Art Therapy to Increase Self-Compassion in Maladaptive Perfectionist University Students. Masters thesis, Universitas Tarumanagara.

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Perfectionism is defined as a personality trait characterized by striving for flawlessness and setting excessively high standards for performance accompanied by tendencies for overly critical evaluations of one‘s behavior. Perfectionism can be maladaptive, in which maladaptive perfectionists are often found to have negative characteristics that are traditionally linked with perfectionism. A population in which maladaptive perfectionists can be found is university students. Self-compassion entails being open to and moved by one‘s own suffering, experiencing feelings of caring and kindness toward oneself, taking an understanding, nonjudgmental attitude toward one‘s inadequacies and failures, and recognizing that one‘s own experience is part of the common human experience. Self-compassion can help to buffer the negative effects of perfectionism. While there are various publications on therapies which can increase self-compassion, there are only very few published studies which focuses on applying art therapy specifically to increase self-compassion. Thus, the present study will focus on applying art therapy specifically to increase selfcompassion. Participants of the study were six female university students from University X in Jakarta, Indonesia. The sampling method used was incidental sampling, and the study design was mixed methods and the one-group pretestposttest design. The instrument used to detect maladaptive perfectionism was the Short Almost Perfect Scale by Rice, Richardson, and Tueller. The instrument used to measure self-compassion was the Self-Compassion Scale by Neff. Participants took part in a seven session art therapy program specifically designed to increase self-compassion. Results show all participants experienced an increase in self-compassion after completing the art therapy program.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: art therapy, self-compassion, perfectionism, university students.
Subjects: Thesis
Skripsi/Tugas Akhir > Fakultas Psikologi
Divisions: Fakultas Psikologi > Psikologi
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2019 07:33
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 07:33

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