Putranto, Leksmono Suryo and Muller, Susan-Grant and Montgomery, Frank (2003) INDONESIAN DATABASES: THEIR QUALITY AND THEIR USE TO SUPPORT DECENTRALISATION. In: Seminar on Decentralisation in Indonesia, 6 September 2003, Leeds, United Kingdom.

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The availability of data in the public domain is quite common in developed countries, where widely used data such as socio-economic and demographic data are obtainable relatively easily. Unfortunately, this is not the case for developing countries such as Indonesia. As decision makers need well-prepared and well-managed database to formulate their policies, the existence of high quality data is essential. This paper will discuss the quality of Indonesian databases and their possible use of the database to support decentralisation. This paper is based on experience in collecting data from Indonesian government institutions, in particular during research on vehicle ownership characteristics in Indonesia. The data included 11 years (1990-2000) of secondary data from 21 municipalities and 28 regencies. 12 variables were collected, i.e. per capita GRDP, consumer price index, ratio between minimum regional wage and minimum physical needs, percentage of population that is working, percentage of population aged between 15-24 years, population density, total road length, number of public buses, average ground elevation above sea level, yearly rainfall, number of cars and number of motorcycles. Although one full year of research time was dedicated to collect the data, only about 75% of the required data was successfully obtained. There are several reasons for the difficulties in the data collection. The two most important being the weak database system and the existence of non-standard terminologies. The weak database systems in Indonesian government institutions were a result of the lack of special units in the institutions responsible for their management. If there was any unit, it did not function well. Therefore, many kind of useful data were filed and documented in sporadic units. When there were changes in the organizational structure and personnel of such units, there was no guarantee that the data archive would be handed over to the new officer. Some widely used socio-economic data, e.g. per capita GRDP, consumer price index, etc. in Indonesia have been published using standard terminologies. The calculation method behind the published data of these types was also standardised. However several types of data were published using inconsistent terminologies. For example data regarding road length and number of vehicles could be presented differently (in terms of road and vehicle classification) in different volumes of a serial publication even if they were published by the same institution. Further differences could be anticipated if these data were published by different agencies.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Penelitian
Penelitian > Fakultas Teknik
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Sipil
Depositing User: Leksmono suryo putranto
Date Deposited: 02 May 2018 20:31
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2021 03:10

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