The Effect of Wealth Level on Indonesian Vehicle Ownership Rate

Putranto, Leksmono Suryo (2003) The Effect of Wealth Level on Indonesian Vehicle Ownership Rate. In: 35th Universities Transport Study Group Annual Conference, Loughborouh, 6-8 January 2003, 6-8 Januari 2003, Loughborough University, Britain.

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The discussion in this paper is part of a research study of vehicle ownership characteristics in Indonesia. In this paper, the effect of wealth level on vehicle ownership rates will be explored. This knowledge is needed for various transportation and energy policies. Data from a group of 21 municipalities and 27 regencies in Indonesia will be analysed separately. The main sources of the data are Indonesian Central Agency of Statistics, the Indonesian Police Force and other related government agencies. Per Capita Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) is used to represent the wealth level of an area. It is found that the effect of per capita GRDP on car and motorcycle ownership rates is greater in municipalities than in regencies. At a certain per capita GRDP, car and motorcycle ownership rates tend to be higher in a municipality than in a regency. A possible cause for this outcome is that the highway network development in a regency is usually not as good as that in a municipality. Car ownership rates in Indonesia are far from saturation. They are far below levels in developed countries. However, the national motorcycle ownership rate is estimated to be one of the highest in the world. The highest rate exceeds 300 motorcycles per 1000 population. It should be noted that the motorcycle is used in daily life as a multi-purpose vehicle. The use of motorcycles in Indonesia may range from school / work trips to goods delivery trips. Moreover the highway network in Indonesia is still very limited both in length per km2 of area and in quality. Therefore, more flexible vehicles (in terms of manoeuvrability) such as the motorcycle will be preferred.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Penelitian
Penelitian > Fakultas Teknik
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Sipil
Depositing User: Leksmono suryo putranto
Date Deposited: 25 May 2018 16:20
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2021 03:11

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